How to perform Dhuha Prayer?
This guide will guide you to easily perform dhuha prayers and dhuha dua and be understood by everyone.
What is best:
You will be guided step by step until it is completed.
Each reading is also simplified in English transliteration (if you have difficulty reading Arabic script)
Without wasting time, let’s dive in.
The Dhuha prayer is sunnah prayer (voluntary) between the fard prayers of Fajr and Dhuhr.
al-Dhuha (الضحى) literally can be translated into “The Morning Hours” or “Morning Bright.”
When prayed at the beginning of its time, it is called Ishraaq prayer.
Dhuha prayer is done to forgive sins and as a form of charity.
Abu Dharr reports that Prophet Muhammad said:
Charity is required from every part of your body daily. Every saying of ‘Glory to be to Allah’ is a charity. Every phrase of ‘Praise be to Allah’ is charity. Every saying of ‘There is no God but Allah’ is charity. Every saying ‘Allah is the Greatest’ is charity. Ordering the good is charity. Eradicating evil is charity. And what suffices for that (as a charity) are the two rak’as of Dhuha.”
This is narrated by Ahmad, Muslim, and Abu Dawud.
Dhuha Prayer Time
When is the Dhuha prayer time?
Dhuha prayers are performed when the sun has risen in the morning, just one pole high.
– That is about 20-30 minutes after sunrise.
This period lasts until the sun almost slips, that is, before noon.
After entering the noontime, then the dhuha time ends (10 minutes before noon).
Dhuha Prayer Rakats
Dhuha prayers can be performed for two, four, six, or eight rak’ahs – with every 2 rak’ahs 1 salam.
The implementation of this prayer is the same as other circumcision prayers.
It was narrated from Aisyah RA that she was asked about the number of rak’ahs of dhuha prayers performed by the Prophet.
So he replied that he prayed four rak’ahs and added more than that if he wanted.
Similarly, the hadith narrated by Umm Hani’ states that he prayed eight rak’ahs on the opening day of Makkah.
Both of these narrations are found in authentic Muslims.
Performing Dhuha Prayer 4 Rakaat With One Salam
There is a question from the public on how to perform the Dhuha prayer of 4 rak’ahs at once with one salutation.
The following is the answer shared by Sahibus Samahah Tuan Guru Dato’ Zulkifli Mohamad Al-Bakri, Mufti of Kuala Lumpur Region:
It is sunnah to perform the Dhuha prayer in two rak’ahs of one salam, but if it is performed with four rak’ahs of one salutation (salam), it is acceptable. Refer to I’anah al-Talibin (1/294).
Even so, we think that the dhuha prayer should be performed in two rak’ahs and one salam of four rak’ahs or more because it is closer to the text.
From Ummu Hani R.anha:
أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَوْمَ صَلَّى سُبْحَةَ الضُّحَى ثَمَانِ رَكَعَاتٍ كَانَ يُسَلِّمُ مِنْ كُلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ
That Rasulullah SAW prayed dhuha eight rak’ahs, performed with salam for every two rak’ahs.
Hadith narrated by Abu Daud, al-Tabarani, Ibn Khuzaimah, and al-Baihaqi.
Dhuha Niyyah (Intention)
The intention of the dhuha prayer is as follows:
Usholli Sunnatad-Dhuha Rak’ataini Lillahi Ta’alaa.
I pray sunnah dhuha 2 rak’ahs because of Allah ta’ala.
How To Dhuha Prayer
There is no particular setting for the recitation of surahs for this prayer.
But there are some surahs organized by the scholars to be recited.
In the first rak’ah, as usual, read surah Al-Fatihah first.
After completing surah Al-Fatihah, follow with the recitation of surah Asy-Syams.
Washshamsi waduhaha. Walqamari itha talaha. Wannahari itha jallaha. Wallayli itha yaghshaha. Wassamai wama banaha. Walardi wama tahaha. Wanafsin wama sawwaha. Faalhamaha fujooraha wataqwaha. Qad aflaha man zakkaha. Waqad khaba man dassaha. Kaththabat thamoodu bitaghwaha. Ithi inbaAAatha ashqaha. Faqala lahum rasoolu Allahi naqata Allahi wasuqyaha. Fakaththaboohu faAAaqarooha fadamdama AAalayhim rabbuhum bithanbihim fasawwaha. Wala yakhafu AAuqbaha
By the sun and its brightness. And [by] the moon when it follows it. And [by] the day when it displays it. And [by] the night when it covers it. And [by] the sky and He who constructed it. And [by] the earth and He who spread it. And [by] the soul and He who proportioned it. And inspired it [with discernment of] its wickedness and its righteousness, He has succeeded who purifies it, And he has failed who instills it [with corruption]. Thamud denied [their prophet] by reason of their transgression, When the most wretched of them was sent forth. And the messenger of Allah [Salih] said to them, “[Do not harm] the she-camel of Allah or [prevent her from] her drink.” But they denied him and hamstrung her. So their Lord brought down upon them destruction for their sin and made it equal [upon all of them]. And He does not fear the consequence thereof.
In the second rak’ah, read surah Al-Fatihah and followed by surah Ad-Dhuha.
Wadduha. Wallayli itha saja Ma waddaAAaka rabbuka wama qala Walalakhiratu khayrun laka mina aloola. Walasawfa yuAAteeka rabbuka fatarda. Alam yajidka yateeman faawa. Wawajadaka dallan fahada. Wawajadaka AAailan faaghna. Faamma alyateema fala taqhar. Waamma assaila fala tanhar. Waamma biniAAmati rabbika fahaddith.
By the morning brightness. And [by] the night when it covers with darkness, Your Lord has not taken leave of you, [O Muhammad], nor has He detested [you]. And the Hereafter is better for you than the first [life]. And your Lord is going to give you, and you will be satisfied. Did He not find you an orphan and give [you] refuge? And He found you lost and guided [you], And He found you poor and made [you] self-sufficient. So as for the orphan, do not oppress [him]. And as for the petitioner, do not repel [him]. But as for the favor of your Lord, report [it].
Apart from the two surahs above, you can also read surah al-Kafirun and al-Ikhlas
Recitation During Final Sujood
During the final sujood before the final tashahud, read as follows 40 times:
WaHab Li Yaa-waH-Haa Bu ‘il-man Wa Hikmatan, Waar-zuq-niy, Yaa-raz-zza-qu Kun Liy Mu-saH-Ha-laa
Give it to me, O God the Most Giver of knowledge and wisdom and cheapen sustenance for me, O God the Almighty Sustainer make it easy for me.
Recite this word of tasbih is not mandatory. So the prayer remains valid even if you do not read this tasbih.
Among the prayers that are encouraged to be recited after completing the sunnah dhuha prayers are:
Allahumma innaddhuhaa’a dhuhaa uka
Walbahaa’a bahaa uka
Allahumma inkaana rizqi fissamaa’i fa’anzilhu
Wa’inkaana fil ardhi fa’akhrijhu
Wa’in kaana mu’assaron fayassirhu
Wa’in kaana harooman fathohhirhu
Wa’inkaana ba’idan faqorribhu
Bihaqqi dhuhaa ika wabahaa ika wajamaalika waquwwatika waqudrotika aatini maa ataita min ‘ibaadikassolihiin
Oh Allah, verily the time of Dhuha is, but Your time of Dhuha, all beauty is but Your beauty, all strength is but Your strength, all power is, but Your power and all protection is but Your protection.
Oh Allah, if my rezqi is still in the skies, please let it down, and if it’s still in the ground, please let it out. Please make it easier if it is hard.
If it is haraam, please make it halal, and please make it nearer if it is still far away.
The blessings of the time of Dhuha, Your greatness, Your beauty, Your strength, and Your power; bestow upon us all that you have bestowed unto Your righteous servants.
The Benefits Of Dhuha Prayer
What are the benefits of establishing sunnah dhuha prayers?
Allah gives the advantage to his people to celebrate that vital time by establishing sunnah dhuha prayers.
There are at least five benefits we get when doing dhuha:
1. As the will and the sunnah of the Prophet.
Rasulullah SAW bequeathed to his ummah to habited the sunnah dhuha prayer.
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that he said,
My beloved (Rasulullah) gave me a message (will) with three things that I never left until I died later; that is, fasting three days every month, praying Dhuha, and sleeping in a state of already performing witr prayers.— Hadith Narrated by Bukhari
2. Built a house in heaven.
For those who are diligent in doing dhuha will also be developed a house for him in heaven.
This is explained in a hadith of the Prophet SAW,
Whoever prays Dhuha four rak’ahs and qabliyah Zuhr four rak’ahs, a house in heaven will be developed for him. “– Hadith Narrated by al-Thabrani
3. Get sustenance immediately.
It was narrated from Nu’aim bin Hammar that he said, “I have heard the Prophet SAW say;
Allah said, ‘O son of Adam, do not feel weak to worship Me by performing four rak’ahs of prayer at the beginning of your day; I will surely suffice for you at the end of your day. “– Hadith Narrated by Abu Dawud
Get the reward of umrah.
4. From Abu Umamah R.A that Rasulullah SAW said,
Whoever comes out of his house in a state of purity to perform the obligatory prayers, then his reward is like a person who performs Hajj. Whoever goes out to perform Dhuha, then the reward is like the one who conducts umrah.”– Sahih Al-Targhib: 673
5. Getting forgiveness of past sins.
Whoever keeps his prayers, God will forgive him for all his sins, even like foam in the ocean.”– Hadith Narrated by Ibn Majah and at-Tirmidhi
Closing: Great Rewards Await
At the beginning of surah Ad-Dhuha, Allah says, “By the time of dhuha”.
Imam Arrazi explained that if Allah SWT swears by everything, it shows a great thing and a great advantage.
– This means dhuha is a significant time.
Therefore, it is clear about the advantages of this dhuha prayer and how great the reward is for anyone who performs this sunnah prayer.
Even more extraordinary is the privilege to those who are faithful to do it.
May this sunnah dhuha prayer become part of life’s practice in seeking the pleasure of Allah SWT.
I hope this guide is helpful to you.
If you have any questions, please let me know in the comments section below.