How to perform Witr Dua & Witr Prayer?
Witr prayer is a special sunnah prayer and is highly encouraged by Islam.
Therefore, this article will guide you to perform Witr Prayers easily, step-by-step, and can be understood by everyone.
What is best:
Each recitation is also assisted with English transliteration and audio (if you have difficulty reading Arabic script)
Without wasting time, let’s dive in…
What is the meaning of witr?
This prayer is called witr because it is odd – in accordance with the number of rak’ahs of this sunnah prayer, which is one, three, five, seven, nine, or eleven rak’ahs.
(At least one rak’ah and as many as eleven rak’ahs)
Witr prayers are performed after Isya’s prayers.
The witr prayer is sunnah muakkadah, which is highly encouraged in Islam.
Witr Prayer Time
When is the Witr Prayer Time?
The time to perform witr prayers is after completing the fard Isya’s prayers and before the obligatory (fard) Subuh prayers.
It should be done as a complement and cover of Tahajjud prayers or tarawih prayers.
In the month of Ramadan, this witr prayer is performed in congregation (Jama’ah), and in the third rak’ah, it is sunnah to recite the qunoot dua in the middle of the month, which starts from the 16th night until the last night of Ramadan
What is the number of rak’ahs of Witr Prayer?
The number of rak’ahs of Witr Prayer is in odd number.
The way to do witr is one salutation for every two rak’ahs, and one rak’ah is added at the end with one salutation (salam).
The meaning is:
- One Rakaat – once one rak’ah
- Three rak’ahs – once two rak’ahs and once one rak’ah.
- Five Rakaat – Twice two rak’ahs and once one rak’ah.
- Seven rak’ahs – Three times two rak’ahs and once one rak’ah.
- Nine Rakaat – Four times two rak’ahs and once one rak’ah.
- Eleven Rakaat – Five times two rak’ahs and once one rak’ah.
It is done at least one rak’ah, preferably three rak’ahs and as many as eleven rak’ahs.
Niyyah (Intention) of Witr
Since the Witr Prayer is performed in 3 rak’ahs with 2 salutations (salam), we need intention (niyyah) 2 times.
The intention of Witr Prayer First 2 Rak’ahs
For the first two rak’ahs of witr prayer, the intention is:
Usolli Sunnatal Witri Rak’ataini Lillahi Ta’ala
Niyyah in English:
I pray sunnah witr two rak’ahs because of Allah Ta’ala
The intention of Witr Prayer Last 1 Rak’ahs
For the last part of the witr prayer, the words of intention are:
Usolli Sunnatal Witri Rak’atan Lillahi Ta’ala
Niyyah in English:
I pray sunnah witr one rak’ah because of Allah Ta’ala
How To Pray Witr
Witr prayers are performed the same as other prayers.
In this section, I state the surahs that are encouraged / can be recited in each rak’ah.
In the first rak’ah, recite surah al-Fatihah.
Then recite surah Al-A’la.
Sabbihi isma rabbika alaAAla. Allathee khalaqa fasawwa. Wallathee qaddara fahada. Wallathee akhraja almarAAa. FajaAAalahu ghuthaan ahwa. Sanuqrioka fala tansa. Illa ma shaa Allahu innahu yaAAlamu aljahra wama yakhfa. Wanuyassiruka lilyusra. Fathakkir in nafaAAati aththikra. Sayaththakkaru man yakhsha. Wayatajannabuha alashqa. Allathee yasla annara alkubra. Thumma la yamootu feeha wala yahya. Qad aflaha man tazakka. Wathakara isma rabbihi fasalla. Bal tuthiroona alhayata addunya. Walakhiratu khayrun waabqa. Inna hatha lafee assuhufi aloola. Suhufi ibraheema wamoosa.
Exalt the name of your Lord, the Highest, Who created and proportioned. And who destined and [then] guided. And who brings out the pasture. And [then] makes it black stubble. We will make you recite, [O Muhammad], and you will not forget, Except what Allah should will. Indeed, He knows what is declared and what is hidden. And We will ease you toward ease. So remind, if the reminder should benefit; He who fears [Allah] will be reminded. But the wretched one will avoid it – [He] who will [enter and] burn in the greatest Fire, Neither dying therein nor living. He has certainly succeeded who purifies himself. And mentions the name of his Lord and prays. But you prefer the worldly life, While the Hereafter is better and more enduring. Indeed, this is in the former scriptures, The scriptures of Abraham and Moses.
In the second rak’ah, recite surah al-Fatihah and followed by surah Al-Kafirun:
Qul yaa ayyuhal-kafirun. La a’budu maa ta’buduun. Wa la antum ‘Abiduna maa a’bud. Wa laa ana ‘Aabidum maa ‘abattum. Wa laa antum ‘abiduuna maa a’bud. Lakum diinukum wa liya diin.
Say, “O disbelievers, I do not worship what you worship. Nor are you worshippers of what I worship. Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship. Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship. For you is your religion, and for me is my religion.”
After salam at the second rak’ah, continue to get up to do the third rak’ah, the last rak’ah.
Third Rakaat (Last Rak’ah)
After greeting the second rak’ah, continue to get up to do the third (last) rak’ah.
For the last part of the rak’ah, it is usually read three short surahs.
Therefore, read surah Al-Fatihah and followed by surah Al-Ikhlas, Surah Al-Falaq and surah An-Nas.
Qul huwallahu ahad. Allahus-samad. Lam yalid wa lam yuulad. Wa lam yakul lahuu kufuwan ahad.
Say, “He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”
Qul A’uzu birabbil-falaq. Min syarri maa khalaq. Wa min syarri ghasiqin izaa waqab. Wa min syarrin-naffasati fil-uqad. Wa min syarri haasidin izaa hasad.
Say, “I seek refuge in the Lord of daybreak. From the evil of that which He created. And from the evil of darkness when it settles. And from the evil of the blowers in knots. And from the evil of an envier when he envies.”
Qul a’uzu birabbin-nas. Malikin-nas. Ilahin-nas. Min syarril-waswasil-khannas. Allazii Yuwaswisu fi Sudurin-nas. Minal jinnati wan-nas.
Say, “I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind, The Sovereign of mankind. The God of mankind, From the evil of the retreating whisperer – Who whispers [evil] into the breasts of mankind -From among the jinn and mankind.”
Recitation After Salam
After the last rak’ah, we are encouraged to read this three times:
Subhaanal Malikil Quddus
Glory be to God the Most Holy
The Witr Dua
After the prayer, recite the Witr Dua
Choose one between the two duas below:
Allahumma Inni ‘Auzu Biridhoka Min Sakhotika Wa Bimu’Aafatika Min ‘Uqubatika Wa ‘Auzubika Minka Laa Uhsii Tsana’an ‘Alaika Anta Kama Atsnaita ‘Alaa Nafsika.
O, Allah! Indeed, I seek refuge in Your pleasure from Your wrath, I seek refuge in Your forgiveness from Your Avenger, and I seek refuge in You from not being able to praise You as You praise yourself.
Allahumma innaa nas’aluka iimaanan daaimaan, wanas’aluka qalban khaasyi’an, wanas’aluka ‘ilman naafi’an, wanas’aluka yaqiinan shaadiqon, wanas’aluka ‘amalan shaalihan, wanas’aluka diinan qayyiman, wanas’alukal ‘afwa wal’aafiyata, wanas’aluka tamaamal ‘aafiyati, wanas’alukasyukra ‘alal ‘aafiyati, anas’alukal ghinaa’a ‘aninnaasi.
Allahumma rabbanaa taqabbal minnaa solaatanaa washiyaamanaa waqiyaamanaa watakhusy-syu’anaa watadhorru’anaa wata’abbudanaa watammim taqshiiranaa yaa allaahu yaa allaahu yaa allaahu yaa arhamar raahimiin.
Washallallaahu ‘alaa sayyidina muhammadin wa’alaa aalihi washahbihi ajma’iina, subhanaa robbika robbil ‘izzati amma yasifun, walhamdu lillaahi rabbil ‘aalamiina.
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
O, Allah! Verily we ask of You lasting faith. We ask from You a humble heart (firm and unanimous). We ask You for useful knowledge.
We ask You for real confidence. We ask You for a pious deed. We ask You for quality religion. We ask You for forgiveness and health. We beseech You to perfect health.
We ask You for gratitude for our health. We ask You for wealth. O, Allah! Accept our prayers, our fasting, O Allah! O, Allah! O, Allah! O Most Merciful of the Merciful.
Blessings and peace be upon Allah on our esteemed Prophet Muhammad, his family members, and friends.
Glory be to God Almighty from any deficiency. Peace be upon the messenger, and all praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.
Benefits of Witr Prayer
What are the benefits of witr prayers?
Witr prayers are highly encouraged to be performed based on the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad saw.
Rasulullah saw, said which means:
Indeed, Allah is witr (odd), and He loves witr, so practice witr prayer, O people of the Qur’an. “— Hadith Narrated by Abu Daud and Tirmizi
Whoever performs the dhuha prayer fasts three days a month and never leaves the witr prayer either on a voyage and resides; the reward of the martyr is recorded for him.”— Hadith narrated by at-Thabrani
Witr is right (Haq). Whoever is not a witch is not from our group! Witr is a right, so whoever does not do it is not from our group! Witr is a right, whoever does not do it, then it is not from our group!”— Hadith Narrated by Ahmad and Abu Daud
Indeed, Allah has given you a prayer, which is better than the best camels. That is the Witr Prayer.”— Hadith Narrated by Abu Daud, Tarmizi, and Ibn Majah
At that time, the image of the Arab society was that whoever had the best camel would be considered a rich and wealthy person.
Can be likened to the present day is a person who has a millionaire’s status and has wealth.
Imagine how long it would take to accumulate wealth to become a millionaire and own wealth. Sometimes we have to do it for 10 years? 30 years to become a millionaire?
But by doing witr with only one rak’ah, more than what we dream of is to become a millionaire and have abundant wealth.
Imagine if the witr prayer is done for 3 rak’ahs or 5 rak’ahs.
How many times the wealth that can be imagined with witr
But this is just a parable. What the Prophet SAW explained is to facilitate our understanding of the material image, while in the Hereafter, the reward received is many times in heaven.
It seems to illustrate how easy it is for us to become rich that it only takes a few minutes.
Closing: Witr Is A Gift From God
It turns out that this gift is indeed worth giving by Allah the Most Merciful and Most Compassionate.
It is too easy for His servants to enter heaven, but only a few take advantage,
Therefore, do not leave the witr, and do it even if only a small number of rak’ahs, but keep it consistent.
Constant practice, but even little is what is loved by Allah SWT. The key is consistency.
I hope this guide is helpful to you.
All the shortcomings in this guide will be corrected from time to time.
If you have any questions, please let me know in the comments section below.