How to perform Tahajjud Prayer?
This is a complete guide to Night Prayer (Tahajjud Prayer). You’ll be guided step-by-step until you are done.
In this guide, you’ll learn about anything related to night prayer, such as:
- How to niyyah (intention)
- Time to perform
- What’s dua to recite
… and lots more.
This prayer guide is also assisted with Audio and English transliteration to help anyone who has difficulty reading Arabic script.
Let’s get started.
What is Tahajjud Prayer?
The Tahajjud prayer, or known as “night prayer,” is a special Islamic prayer that is recommended (but not compulsory) for all Muslims.
Tahajjud prayers are encouraged to set up every night.
We perform the obligatory Isha prayer at the beginning of the time and get up in the middle of the night to perform the sunnah tahajjud prayer.
The Tahajjud prayer is sunnah muakkadah – which is highly encouraged.
Rasulullah SAW and his companions never left this prayer for the rest of their lives.
He never left the Tahajjud prayers even for one night until both his legs were swollen because he was standing too much.
He said that means;
The most crucial prayer after the obligatory prayer is the night prayer (tahajjud prayer)”— H.R Muslim
The tahajjud prayer is performed at midnight, that is, 2/3 of a night.
When waking up at this time, the surrounding is the silent state since other people sleep deep.
Allah SWT says:
O you wrapped ˹in your clothes˺! Stand all night ˹in prayer˺ except a little ˹pray˺ half the night, or a little less, or a little more and recite the Quran ˹properly˺ in a measured way.— al-Muzzammil verses 1–4
The practice of waking up for worship after sleeping tonight is known as Qiyamullail.
It preferably done together with Istikhara and prayers of repentance (Tawbah Prayer).
Niyyah (Intention) Of Tahajjud Prayer
When waking up after sleeping in the middle of the night, take ablution (wudu).
Next, face the Qibla direction and say the intention of this tahajjud prayer:
Usolli Sunnatat-Tahajjudi Rak’ataini Lilaahi Ta’ala
I pray tahajjud two rak’ahs because of Allah Ta’ala.
How Many Rakats in Tahajjud
There is no specific information regarding tahajjud prayers in detail.
The number of rak’ahs is not limited, but at least two rak’ahs with one salutation (salam) for every two rak’ahs.
Tahajjud prayers can be performed for two, four, six, eight, and twelve rak’ahs – but it can be done as much as possible according to your ability.
But what is more important, somehow it is done in istiqamah (consistent) every night even if it is only done for two rak’ahs.
The implementation of this method of tahajjud prayer is the same as other sunnah prayers.
How To Pray Tahajjud
How to pray Tahajjud?
The method of tahajjud prayer in terms of movement is the same as other prayers.
The surah after Fatiha in this prayer is not determined. Therefore, you can read any surah you like.
Below are the suggested surahs that can be recited.
In the First Rakat
Read surah Al-Fatiha and followed by surah Al-Kafirun
Qul yaa ayyuhal-kafirun. La a’budu maa ta’buduun. Wa la antum ‘Abiduna maa a’bud. Wa laa ana ‘Aabidum maa ‘abattum. Wa laa antum ‘abiduuna maa a’bud. Lakum diinukum wa liya diin.
Say, “O disbelievers, I do not worship what you worship. Nor are you worshippers of what I worship. Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship. Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship. For you is your religion, and for me is my religion.”
In the Second Rakat
Read surah Al-Fatiha and followed by surah Al-Ikhlas
Qul huwallahu ahad. Allahus-samad. Lam yalid wa lam yuulad. Wa lam yakul lahuu kufuwan ahad.
Say, “He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”
Rasulullah SAW never left the Tahajjud prayers during his life.
After the prayer, Rasulullah SAW recited the following prayer:
Allahumma laka hamdu anta qoyyimussamawaa ti wal ardhi waman fi hinna, walakal hamdu laka mulkussama waa ti wal ardhi waman fii hinna, walakal hamdu nuu russama wa ti wal ardhi, walakal hamdu antal haqku wa wa’ dukal haqku wa liqo-u-ka haqku wa qauluka haqku wal jannatu haqku wanna ru haqku, wannabi yuu na haqku, Wamuhammadun sallallahu ‘alaihiwasallam haqku, wassa-‘atu haqku
Allahumma laka aslamtu, wabika amantu, wa alaika tawakkaltu wa ilaika anabtu wabika khosomtu, wa ilaika hakamtu, fagfirli maaqaddamtu, wa maa akhortu wa maa asrartu wa maa ‘a lantu, antal muqoddimu wa antal mu-a-khiru, laa ilaha illa anta au laa ilaha ghoiruka wa laa hau la walaa quwwata illa billahi
O Allah, to You, is all praise. You are the enforcer of the heavens and the earth and all that is in them. Praise be to You. You are the King of the heavens and the earth. Glory be to You, the radiant light of Heaven and earth.
Praise be to You, You are true, Your promise is true, Your meeting is true, Your word is real, Heaven is real, Hell is real, the prophets are true, Prophet Muhammad SAW is real, and the Day of Judgment is real.
O Allah, to You I surrender, to You I return, to You I miss, and to You I judge. Forgive me for my mistakes and the previous ones, both what I have hidden and what I have stated.
You are the first God and the last God. There is no God but You. There is no power and strength except with (the power of) Allah.
There are many advantages to performing tahajjud prayers.
Among the advantages of tahajjud prayers are the dua quickly answered, peace of mind, an abundance of rizqi, and human betrayal protection.
The most important thing is that at this time, the door of repentance is wide open.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
Do pray at night because it is the habits of the pious before you, a way to get closer to Your God, and the redeemer of all the bad practices, prevention of the practice of sin and can prevent disease.— Narrated by Tirmidhi and Ahmad R.A
In fact, tahajjud prayers will also make us healthier and more productive.
Prophet Muhammad SAW said that Tahajjud is the honor of a believer because it gives personal time between God and us.
If we believe that we belong to Him, and we will return to Him, then invest some of our spiritual time with tahajjud and see how our strength and productivity will increase!
Benefits of Tahajjud Prayer According to Imam al-Ghazali
- To cleanse our hearts from any hatred of other Muslims.
- To always have the fear in our hearts for God and realize that our lives are very short.
- To understand the benefits of tahajjud.
- To love God and have strong faith when we wake up at night prayers’ calling’ God.
Five of Tahajjud’s Rewards in the World
1) Away From All Diseases
Salman Al-Farisi narrated, Rasulullah SAW once said;
Do pray at night because it is the habits of the pious before you, a way to get closer to Your God, and the redeemer of all the bad practices, prevention of the practice of sin and can prevent disease.— – Narrated by Tirmidhi and Ahmad R.A
2) Given the Effect of Taqwa on the Face
Have you ever seen the faces of worshipers who practice night prayers?
Doesn’t their face look radiant and calm?
That is the proof of the grace that God gave him.
Not only that, by looking at their faces alone, we feel quite happy and fun, even feel like seeing it many times.
3) Beloved By All Mankind
Those who practice prayer night is sure to be loved by everyone, especially by God.
Such characteristics of a person who believes and does good deeds with Allah will surely get love from anyone.
4) Conversation And His deeds Contains Hikmah (Wisdom)
Indeed, the characteristics of those who believe are those who maintain the manners and speech of their words.
This group certainly does not talk about neglect, but each of their words is useful and wise.
Similarly, in the deeds and actions of those who always try to stay away from neglected and race to do good that draws closer to Allah SWT.
5) Endowed with Strength and Sustenance (Halal and Blessed)
By performing every act of worship to Allah SWT, no matter what his worship will indeed be fulfilled abundant sustenance, such as good food, health, happy family and so on.
In fact, every sustenance (rizq) will be blessed by Allah SWT.
Conclusions: Allah Opens the Doors of Heaven to His Servants
The night prayer is a golden opportunity offered to human beings to strengthen our relationship with God.
At one-third of the night, the door of Heaven opened wide to receive the repentance of His servants.
Adversity is felt only by those who rarely or never do it, but for those who are ordinary, it becomes a pleasure anyway.
Those who can appreciate it will feel a significant loss if left behind from performing the prayers.
I hope this guide is helpful to you.
All the shortcomings in this guide will be corrected from time to time.
If you have any questions, please let me know in the comments section below.